Current Affairs 05 March 2024 & Test | Latest News & Updates

Current Affairs 05 March 2024 & Test Latest News & Updates

 

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1. Recently Gabriel Atal has become the youngest and first homosexual Prime Minister of which country?

  1. France
  2. Germany
  3. Spain
  4. Italy

Show The Answer

  1. France

2. Who will preside over the 46th session of UNESCO in the year 2024?

  1. USA
  2. China
  3. India
  4. Japan

Show The Answer

3. India

3. Which states have recently banned cotton candy due to the presence of ‘Rhodamine-B’?

  1. Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
  2. Puducherry and Tamil Nadu
  3. Rajasthan and Maharashtra
  4. Odisha and Telangana

Show The Answer

2. Puducherry and Tamil Nadu

4. Which is the world’s best airport in 2023 according to Skytrax?

 

  1. Dubai International Airport
  2. Incheon International Airport
  3. Heathrow Airport
  4. Singapore Changi Airport

Show The Answer

4. Singapore Changi Airport

5. Which is the first North-Eastern state to achieve 100% coverage under Har Ghar Jal Yojana recently?

 

  1. Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Delhi
  3. Uttar Pradesh
  4. Tamil Nadu

Show The Answer

  1. Arunachal Pradesh

6. Where will the Indian Navy’s multinational exercise ‘MILAN-24’ be held?

  1. Goa
  2. Mumbai
  3. Visakhapatnam
  4. Jharkhand

Show The Answer

3. Visakhapatnam

7. Which mascot has been recently launched for the 9th Asian Winter Games of the year 2025?

 

  1. Chang and Ming
  2. Binbin and Nini
  3. Mei and Jia
  4. Kiki and Lulu

Show The Answer

2. Binbin and Nini

8. Where have the Coast Guards of India and Japan recently organized the joint exercise ‘Sahyog Kaijin’?

  1. Odisha
  2. Chennai
  3. Mumbai
  4. Gujrat

Show The Answer

2. Chennai

9. Who has recently launched ‘Himalayan Basket’?

  1. Uttarakhand
  2. Himachal Pradesh
  3. Sikkim
  4. Assam

Show The Answer

  1. Uttarakhand

10. Who has been awarded the ‘Tenzing Norgay National Adventure Award 2022’ in the Land Adventure category recently?

  1. Savita Kanswal
  2. Rakesh Sharma
  3. Deepak Rao
  4. Priya Gupta

Show The Answer

  1. Savita Kanswal

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Some lines of current affairs 05 March 2024 news

National

Approvals by the Cabinet on February 29, 2024

The Union Cabinet, led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, agreed to the following proposals on February 29, 2024:

  • Three new semiconductor units will be established, with the first one in Assam, marking the northeast’s inaugural facility.
  • A rooftop solar scheme worth Rs 75,000 crore was approved to benefit one crore households.
  • The creation of the Director position at the National Institute of One Health in Nagpur was sanctioned. This individual, at the level of Scientist ‘H’ (pay level-15), will lead the National One Health Mission aimed at integrated disease control and pandemic preparedness.
  • Royalty rates for mining were endorsed for 12 critical and strategic minerals, including Beryllium, Cadmium, Cobalt, Gallium, Indium, Rhenium, Selenium, Tantalum, Tellurium, Titanium, Tungsten, and Vanadium.
  • A nutrient-based subsidy for P&K fertilizers for the Kharif Season 2024 was approved.
  • The establishment of the International Big Cat Alliance (IBCA) was greenlit.

MSME Minister Narayan Rane introduced three programs to support women in starting their own businesses

On March 1st, 2024, Union Minister Narayan Rane launched three new programs to support women entrepreneurs in India at the 9th Annual Shakti International Women Entrepreneurs Summit in New Delhi.

The initiatives are:

  • “Panjikaran Se Pragati”: A national campaign by the Ministry of MSME and the Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) to encourage women to register their businesses under Udyam for more opportunities.
  • “WEP Unnati – Udyamita se Pragati tak”: A program by the Ministry of MSME and WEP aimed at providing comprehensive support to women MSMEs through the MSME-WEP Award-to-Reward (ATR) program.
  • Mentorship Platform: An initiative to connect women entrepreneurs with mentors for guidance and support.

About the Summit:

  • The 9th Shakti International Women Entrepreneurs Summit 2024 is an annual conference held around International Women’s Day.
  • Organized by the India SME Forum in collaboration with the Ministry of MSME and the Women Entrepreneurs Forum.
  • Aims to inspire and empower women in entrepreneurship through knowledge exchange and networking opportunities.

Highlights:

  • Recognized the achievements of women entrepreneurs, including those benefiting from the CGTMSE scheme.
  • Honored outstanding women entrepreneurs.
  • More than 1.40 crore MSMEs are now led by women.
  • Zed Certification for women-owned MSMEs is now provided free of charge.

Key Points:

  • Subhas Chandra Lal Das, Secretary of the Ministry of MSME.
  • Ms. Anna Roy, Advisor National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog), among others.

 

Pralhad Joshi, the Coal Minister, starts the “Coal Logistics Plan and Policy”

Union Minister Pralhad Joshi, from the Ministry of Coal, introduced the “Coal Logistics Plan and Policy” at an event organized by the Indian National Committee World Mining Congress (INC/WMC) in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. Here are the key points:

  • The plan aims to create a modern, efficient, and sustainable system for transporting coal.
  • It will help India upgrade coal transportation, increase efficiency, and support sustainability goals.
  • The Ministry of Coal aims to produce 1.5 billion tonnes of coal by 2030.

About the Coal Logistics Plan and Policy:

  • The plan focuses on using railways for First Mile Connectivity (FMC) projects to cut rail logistics costs by 14%, saving Rs 21,000 crore annually.
  • It will also reduce air pollution, traffic congestion, and carbon emissions by about 100,000 tonnes per year.
  • The plan is expected to decrease wagon turnaround time in India by 10%.

Other Highlights:

  • A panel discussion chaired by M Nagaraju, Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Coal, explored holistic approaches to coal transportation.
  • Industry leaders like Anil Kumar Jha from Jindal Power Limited (JPL) and Subrat Tripathy, CEO of Adani Ports, participated in the discussion.

About Indian National Committee World Mining Congress (INC/WMC):

  • INC-WMC is associated with the World Mining Congress (WMC), an international NGO linked with the UN.
  • Amrit Lal Meena serves as the Chairman, with headquarters in New Delhi.

In 2024, the third India-Malaysia Maritime Exercise, named Samudra Laksamana, took place in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh

Exercise Samudra Laksamana 2024, the third edition of the India-Malaysia maritime exercise, took place from February 28 to March 2, 2024, off the coast of Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. It aimed to improve cooperation and understanding between the Indian Navy (IN) and the Royal Malaysian Navy.

Participants:

  • Indian Naval Ship (INS) Kiltan
  • Royal Malaysian Ship KD Lekir

Key Points:

  • The exercise included various activities like sports events and knowledge exchanges to strengthen maritime cooperation.
  • Crews from both navies interacted to share expertise and enhance cooperation.
  • The sea phase focused on joint training and various operations.

About INS Kiltan:

  • Launched in March 2013, INS Kiltan was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 2017 by Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Limited (GRSE).
  • It uses a Combination of Diesel and Diesel (CODAD) system, enabling speeds of over 25 knots and a range of 3,500 nautical miles.
  • Featuring more than 80% indigenous components, it boasts advanced Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) warfare systems.
  • It’s the first major warship with a fully composite material superstructure.
  • Armed with heavy-weight torpedoes, anti-submarine warfare (ASW) rockets, a 76mm Medium Range gun, and a Close-in-Weapon System (CIWS), it also carries an ASW-capable helicopter.

 

The USA and India launched their first Cyber Security Initiative to boost their IT ties

The USA Consulate and the Mahratta Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Agriculture (MCCIA) joined hands to start the first USA-India Cyber Security Initiative. This program aims to make the IT links between the two countries stronger. It brings top cybersecurity experts together to make new jobs and find creative solutions.

This initiative introduces a mentorship program for cybersecurity and promotes connections between people online. It was launched during the MCCIA Pune Business International Business Summit in Pune, Maharashtra. Mike Hankey, the USA Consul General, attended the launch event.

International

PM Modi and Mauritian PM Pravind Jugnauth together open a new runway and dock at Agaléga Island in Mauritius

On February 29, 2024, the Prime Ministers of India, Narendra Modi, and Mauritius, Pravind Jugnauth, opened an Airstrip and a Jetty at Agaléga Island in Mauritius using video conferencing. These projects, along with six community development projects, were funded by India.

Key points:

  • These projects improve connectivity between mainland Mauritius and Agalega, enhance maritime security, and promote socio-economic development.
  • They also strengthen India’s presence in the Southern Indian Ocean region.
  • The Jetty enables India’s Boeing P-8I planes to conduct maritime surveillance, enhancing security in the region.
  • India and Mauritius collaborate on monitoring Exclusive Economic Zones, joint patrolling, and hydrography.

Additional information:

  • India recently launched its Unified Payments Interface (UPI) systems and RuPay card services in Mauritius.
  • Mauritius will be the first country to join India’s Jan Aushadi Scheme for affordable medicines, providing access to 250 high-quality medicines sourced from India’s Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Bureau.
  • Over the past decade, India has extended USD 1 billion in credit and USD 400 million in assistance to Mauritius.

Comoros and Timor-Leste joined the WTO during the 13th Ministerial Conference in Abu Dhabi

On February 26, 2024, The Union of the Comoros and the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste officially joined the World Trade Organization (WTO). The signing event took place during the WTO’s 13th Ministerial Conference (MC13) held in Abu Dhabi, UAE.

With Comoros and Timor-Leste joining, the total number of WTO members is now 166. MC13 took place from February 26 to 29, 2024, chaired by H.E. Dr. Thani bin Ahmed Al Zeyoudi, UAE’s Minister of State for Foreign Trade.

Key highlights:

The WTO established new rules on domestic services regulations, benefiting all members, including non-signatories like India. This agreement was endorsed by 72 members, including the United States, 28 members of the European Union, China, and Japan.

About the WTO:

  • Director-General: Okonjo-Iweala
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Established: 1995

Banking and Finance

REC listed two bonds valued at Rs 5,375 crore on both the BSE and NSE

REC Limited successfully listed two bonds totaling Rs 5,375 crore on the NSE India and BSE Limited.

The first bond, valued at Rs 2,500 crore, matures on February 28, 2034, offering a yield of 7.47% over 10 years. The second bond, worth Rs 2,875 crore, matures on April 30, 2027, with a yield of 7.64% over 3 years and 2 months.

Both bonds are highly rated: IND AAA by India Ratings and Research Private Limited (IRPL), and ICRA AAA by Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency (ICRA).

REC Limited, a ‘Maharatna’ Central Public Sector Enterprise (CPSE) under the Ministry of Power (MoP), is registered with the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) as a Non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC) and Infrastructure Financing Company (IFC).

The funds raised through these bonds will support REC Limited’s regular business activities, not earmarked for any specific projects.

Economy and Business

C-DOT and Qualcomm agreed to work together to promote new ideas in India

C-DOT and Qualcomm Technologies Inc., a subsidiary of Qualcomm Incorporated, agreed to work together to boost innovation in India and support local developers and start-ups creating new products and solutions. They signed a deal at the Mobile World Congress 2024 in Barcelona, Spain. Under the agreement, Qualcomm will offer its chip technologies and expertise to Indian startups, manufacturers, and academic institutions. This collaboration aims to develop telecom products and solutions within India. Note: C-DOT is the research center of the Department of Telecommunications under the Ministry of Communications.

Awards & Recognitions

In 2024, the book “Staliner Divan,” translated by Pankaj Kumar Chatterjee, won the Romain Rolland Book Prize

Pankaj Kumar Chatterjee won the 7th edition of the Romain Rolland Book Prize in 2024 for translating Jean-Daniel Baltassat’s French novel “Le Divan de Staline” into Bengali as “Staliner Divan”.

The Romain Rolland Book Prize is given yearly by the French Institute in India (IFI) along with Apeejay Trust. The original French book came out in 2013, and the Bengali version was published by New Bharat Sahitya Kutir in 2023. The publisher and translator of “Staliner Divan” have been invited to the Paris Book Fair in April 2024 and the Paris Book Market in May 2024 by IFI.

This is the second time a Bengali book has won the Romain Rolland Book Prize. Previously, in 2022, “Myorso Birudhyo Saksho,” the Bengali translation of Kamel Daoud’s “Meursault, contre-enquête,” won the prize. The book was published by Patra Bharati.

“Le Divan de Staline” delves into the life of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, who led the Soviet Union from 1924 until 1953. It was made into a movie in 2016, with Gérard Depardieu playing Stalin. The book was also longlisted for the Goncourt Prize in 2013.

The Romain Rolland Book Prize, established in 2017, celebrates the best translation of a French book into any Indian language. It encourages Indian translators and publishers to bring French literature to Indian readers. Winners receive a trip to France for professional exchanges. The first prize in 2018 went to “Main Gumshuda,” the Hindi translation of “Rue des boutiques obscures” by Patrick Modiano, translated by Monica Singh and published by Rajpal and Sons.

Science & Technology

SpaceX sent NASA’s Crew-8 mission to the ISS

On March 3, 2024, SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket launched NASA’s SpaceX Crew-8 mission from Launch Complex 39A at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, USA.

The Crew-8 mission is NASA’s eighth rotation mission to the International Space Station (ISS) with SpaceX. The crew includes:

  • Matthew Dominick (Mission Commander, USA) – A test pilot from the US Navy, on his first spaceflight.
  • Michael Barratt (Mission Pilot, USA) – An experienced NASA astronaut with two previous spaceflights.
  • Jeanette Epps (Mission Specialist, USA) – A NASA astronaut embarking on her first trip to space.
  • Alexander Grebenkin (Flight Engineer, Russia) – A cosmonaut from Roscosmos, on his debut mission.

Sports

Chandigarh University won the most medals at the 2023 Khelo India University Games

Chandigarh University won the top prize at the 4th Khelo India University Games (KIUG 2023), held in the North East from February 9th to 29th, 2024. They earned 71 medals in total, including 32 gold, 18 silver, and 21 bronze.

Lovely Professional University from Punjab came second with 42 medals (20 gold, 14 silver, and 8 bronze), followed by Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, with 51 medals (12 gold, 20 silver, and 19 bronze).

KIUG 2023 took place across seven states in the North East: Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, and Tripura. The mascot for the event was a butterfly named ‘Ashtalakshmi.’

Pratyasa Ray from Odisha’s Utkal University was the most successful female athlete, winning 6 medals (four gold, one silver, and one bronze) in swimming. Xavier Michael Dsouza from Karnataka’s Jain University was the most successful male athlete, securing four gold medals in swimming.

In terms of the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports (MYAS), Anurag Singh Thakur is the Union Minister, representing Hamirpur, Himachal Pradesh. Nisith Pramanik, representing Coochbehar, West Bengal, serves as the Minister of State (MoS).

Important Days

World Wildlife Day 2024 is on March 3rd

The UN World Wildlife Day happens every March 3rd to celebrate and raise awareness about wild animals and plants around the world. It’s a way to recognize the amazing variety of life in our ecosystems. This year, the theme is about using digital innovation to help conserve wildlife.

Some background:

  • In 2013, the UN General Assembly decided that March 3rd would be World Wildlife Day.
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) helps coordinate this day globally.
  • The first World Wildlife Day was in 2014.

About CITES:

  • Secretary-General: Ms Ivonne Higuero
  • Headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland

World Hearing Day is on March 3, 2024

World Hearing Day (WHD) happens every year on March 3rd worldwide. It’s all about spreading awareness about hearing loss and taking care of our ears and hearing. This day urges people to do something about hearing problems.

On March 3rd, 2024, we’re celebrating the 18th WHD. This year’s theme is ‘Changing mindsets: Let’s make ear and hearing care a reality for all!’

The World Health Organization (WHO) picks the theme for WHD every year.

Background:

  • The “Beijing Declaration” from 2007 suggested creating an “International Ear Care Day” to push for better hearing care globally.
  • The first International Ear Care Day was on March 3rd, 2007.
  • It was later changed to World Hearing Day in 2016.

About the World Health Organization (WHO):

  • Director General: Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus
  • HQ: Geneva, Switzerland
  • Founded: 1948

National Security Day is on March 4, 2024

National Security Day, also known as Rashtriya Suraksha Diwas, is celebrated every year on March 4 in India to honor and thank the Indian Security Forces.

These forces consist of the Police, Military, Para-Military, Guards, Commandos, and other groups dedicated to preserving peace and security in India.

As for the National Security Council (NSC):

  • NSA: Ajit Doval
  • Headquarters: New Delhi, Delhi
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