Current Affairs 23 April 2024 & Test | Latest News & Updates

Current Affairs 23 April 2024 & Test Latest News & Updates

 

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  1. Who has recently unveiled ‘SCORES 2.0’?

 

  1. UGC
  2. SEBI
  3. SBI
  4. RBI

Show The Answer

2. SEBI

2. Who has been appointed as Youth Icon by the Election Commission?

 

  1. Ranveer Singh
  2. Neeraj Chopra
  3. Raj Kumar Rao
  4. Ayushmann Khurrana

Show The Answer

4. Ayushmann Khurrana

3. Where did Juan Vicente, the world’s oldest man, die at the age of 114?

  1. Japan
  2. Venezuela
  3. China
  4. Australia

Show The Answer

2. Venezuela

4. Who is the recently launched AI software engineer of India?

 

 

  1. Devika
  2. Irah
  3. Devin
  4. Muhammad

Show The Answer

  1. Devika

5. Where was the celebration of the 250th anniversary of the world’s first postal stamp, ‘Copper Stamp’, held?

  1. Madhya Pradesh
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Bihar
  4. Rajasthan

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3. Bihar

6. India’s foreign exchange reserves have increased by how many million dollars?

 

  1. 141
  2. 140
  3. 142
  4. 143

Show The Answer

2. 140

7. The International Year of Millets (IYM) 2023, organized by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), was recently concluded in which city?

 

 

  1. Rome
  2. Washington
  3. Manila
  4. Jakarta

Show The Answer

  1. Rome

8. Which city’s famous ‘Sanjhi Craft’ has been given GI tag (Geographical Indication) status?

 

  1. Cherrapunji
  2. Puri
  3. Varanasi
  4. Mathura

Show The Answer

4. Mathura

9. Which men’s doubles has recently won the Miami Open 2024 title?

  1. Andre Agassi and Amos Mansdorf
  2. Rohan Bopanna and Matt Ebden
  3. Ramkumar Ramanathan and Saket Myneni
  4. None of these

Show The Answer

2. Rohan Bopanna and Matt Ebden

10. Which country has recently successfully launched Yunhai-3 satellite for atmospheric and space environment monitoring?

 

  1. China
  2. South Korea
  3. Japan
  4. Russia

Show The Answer

  1. China

 

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Some lines of current affairs 23 April 2024 news

National

The Indian Navy holds a large naval exercise called “Poorvi Lehar” on the East Coast.

On April 20, 2024, the Indian Navy conducted Exercise Poorvi Lehar (XPOL) 2024 on the East Coast to test procedures and assess readiness for maritime security challenges. Vice Admiral Rajesh Pendharkar, the Flag Officer-Commanding-in-Chief of the Eastern Naval Command headquartered in Vishakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, oversaw the exercise.

XPOL 2024 involved multiple phases:

  • Tactical Phase: Combat training in realistic scenarios.
  • Weapon Phase: Successful firing exercises.

The exercise featured participation from ships, submarines, aircraft, and special forces, including assets from the Indian Air Force (IAF), Andaman and Nicobar Command, Eastern Naval Command, and Coast Guard, showcasing strong interoperability.

A key aspect was the operation of aircraft from various locations, ensuring continuous maritime awareness in the operational area.

Recent developments include the appointment of Dinesh Kumar Tripathi as the 26th Chief of Naval Staff, effective April 30. Indian Navy Day is celebrated annually on December 4.

Details about the Indian Navy:

  • Chief of Naval Staff (till April 29, 2024): Radhakrishnan Hari Kumar (25th)
  • Headquarters: New Delhi, Delhi
  • Founded: 1950

PM Modi opened the 2550th Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav on Mahaveer Jayanti.

On April 21, 2024, during Mahavir Jayanti, Prime Minister Narendra Modi opened the 2550th Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav at Bharat Mandapam in New Delhi. He also unveiled a special stamp and coin for the occasion.

Key figures, including Union Minister Arjun Ram Meghwal, Ministry of Culture, and Jain community leaders, attended the event.

About the 2550th Bhagwan Mahaveer Nirvan Mahotsav:

  • It celebrates Bhagwan Mahavir Swami’s Janma Kalyanak on April 21, 2024.
  • The Indian government, along with the Jain community, organized cultural events at Bharat Mandapam.
  • The event promotes the teachings of Bhagwan Mahaveer, especially non-violence and kindness, through a year-long “Ahimsa Mahotsav.”

Mahavir Jayanti:

  • Marks the birth of Mahavir as ‘Vardhamana’ in 615 BC.
  • Bhagwan Mahavir, the 24th Tirthankar, preached Jain principles like non-violence, truthfulness, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment.
  • Jains observe five major events in the life of a Tirthankar.

About the commemorative coin:

  • It’s the 8th coin for 2024 and not for circulation.
  • Minted at India Government Mint, Hyderabad, Telangana.
  • The coin weighs 35 grams and has a denomination of Rs 100.
  • It features the Nalanda Pawapuri Jal Mandir on the reverse, along with “Bhagwan Mahaveer 2550th Nirvan Kalyanak” in Devanagari script and English, with the year 2023 at the bottom.

International

In 2023, global military spending reached a record high of $2443 billion, with the US leading and India ranking fourth, according to the SIPRI report.

On April 22, 2024, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) published its report titled ‘World Military Spending Trends, 2023’. The report revealed that global military spending reached a record high of $2443 billion in 2023, marking the 9th consecutive yearly increase at 6.8% higher than 2022, the largest jump since 2009.

Here’s a simplified breakdown:

1. Global Military Spending:

  • In 2023, global military spending hit $2443 billion, rising for the 9th year in a row.
  • This was a 6.8% increase from 2022, the biggest yearly rise since 2009.

2. Top 5 Military Spenders:

  • The top 5 spenders in 2023 were the USA, China, Russia, India, and Saudi Arabia.
  • Together, they made up 61% of the world’s military spending.

3. India’s Military Spending:

  • India ranked 4th globally with a spending of $83.6 billion in 2023.
  • This marked a 4.2% increase from 2022 and a 44% increase from 2014.

4. NATO Member Spending:

NATO members, including the USA, spent $1341 billion in 2023, accounting for around 55% of global military spending.

About SIPRI:

  • SIPRI is an independent institute focusing on research related to conflict, armaments, arms control, and disarmament.
  • Stefan Löfven chairs the SIPRI Governing Board, and Dan Smith serves as the Director.
  • SIPRI is headquartered in Solna, Sweden, and was established in 1966.

Banking & Finance

Three Indian banks are ranked among the top 50 lenders in the Asia-Pacific region by assets, according to S&P Global.

Three Indian banks – the State Bank of India (SBI), HDFC Bank, and ICICI Bank – are among the top 50 largest banks in the Asia-Pacific region by assets in 2024, according to The S&P Global Market Intelligence.

China’s Industrial and Commercial Bank of China Limited maintained its position as the largest bank in Asia-Pacific and the world in 2023.

Some key points to note:

  • SBI, India’s largest public sector bank, improved its ranking to 20th in 2023 from 21st in 2022, with assets valued at USD 780.05 billion.
  • HDFC Bank’s valuation increased to USD 464.34 billion in 2023, a rise of over 51% from 2022. It climbed from the 46th rank in 2022 to the 33rd rank in 2023.
  • ICICI Bank, India’s second-largest private sector bank, entered the top 50 Asia-Pacific lender list in 2023, securing the 48th position.

About S&P Global Inc.:

  • President and Chief Executive Officer: Douglas L. Peterson
  • Headquarters: New York, USA
  • Established: 1917

10 Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) introduced a new platform for global collaborative co-financing.

During the 2024 International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank Spring meetings in Washington D.C. on April 20, 2024, 10 Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) collectively introduced the Global Collaborative Co-financing platform.

This digital initiative aims to modernize development finance.

About the Global Collaborative Co-Financing Platform:

  • It consists of two main parts:
    • Co-Financing Portal: A secure platform for registered co-financiers to share project pipelines, hosted at the World Bank.
    • Co-Financing Forum: A platform for participants to discuss co-financing opportunities, share best practices, and address common issues.

Significance:

  • The platform reduces administrative burden and transaction costs.
  • It fosters collaboration, transparency, and efficiency in addressing global challenges.

List of Participating Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs):

  • Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB)
  • World Bank Group (WBG)
  • African Development Bank (AfDB)
  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB)
  • European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
  • European Investment Bank (EIB)
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
  • Islamic Development Bank (IsDB)
  • New Development Bank (NDB)

Economy & Business

NGEL and ITL agreed to collaborate on developing renewable energy projects.

NTPC Green Energy Limited (NGEL) and Indus Towers Limited (ITL) signed an MoU to support India’s green energy goals and carbon-neutral economy efforts. They will work together on developing renewable energy projects like solar and wind power, along with energy storage solutions. Soumya Kanti Chowdhuri, NGEL’s Chief General Manager, and Vikas Poddar, ITL’s Chief Financial Officer, signed the MoU. (Note: NGEL is NTPC Limited’s subsidiary.)

CSIR-IICT and BHEL team up to improve clean fuel technology. They signed an MoU to convert CO2 into DME.’

The Council of Scientific & Industrial Research- Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (CSIR-IICT) and Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) Corporate Research and Development (R&D) have agreed to work together on a project. They aim to develop technology that can capture and convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into Dimethyl Ether (DME) using direct catalytic conversion.

This collaboration falls under the Department of Science and Technology’s (DST) initiative on Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU). The goal of this initiative is to use innovative technologies to reduce carbon emissions and promote sustainable energy practices.

Funded by the DST, the project focuses on using captured CO2 to produce DME, which is a clean fuel suitable for blending with Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG).

Note: CSIR-IICT, established as the Central Laboratories for Scientific and Industrial Research (CLSIR) in 1944, is one of CSIR’s oldest national laboratories.

RVNL signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with TUMAS India Private Limited for Infrastructure Projects.

RVNL has partnered with Turkish Engineering Consulting & Contracting – TUMAS India Private Limited to work together on public transportation and infrastructure projects in India. They aim to execute railway infrastructure projects across different parts of India, aiming to speed up development, improve operational efficiency, and enhance connectivity within the Indian rail network.

Awards & Recognitions

Puravankara Ltd. won an award in 2024 for their social impact work.

Puravankara Limited, a well-known real estate developer in India, received the Achievement Award for its Social Development and Impact at the 15th CIDC Vishwakarma Awards (2024), organized by the Construction Industry Development Council (CIDC).

The award recognizes Puravankara’s efforts in driving positive change through impactful campaigns, such as the “Million Wells for Bengaluru” in partnership with Biome Environmental Trust, reflecting their commitment to environmental sustainability and community empowerment.

Key points:

  • Biome Environmental Trust (Biome) promotes sustainable practices in architecture, water management, and land use.
  • CIDC, established in 1996, aims to develop the Indian Construction Industry.
  • The “Million Wells for Bengaluru” initiative aims to combat water depletion by rejuvenating heritage wells, promoting rainwater harvesting, and supporting the Manu Vaddar community. In 2022-2023, six open heritage wells and a Kalyani were rejuvenated in Hunsamaranahalli Town Municipal Council (TMC) limits in Yelahanka Taluk, Bengaluru.

About CIDC Vishwakarma Awards:

  • These awards recognize organizations and individuals contributing to national growth and sustainable development, especially in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).
  • Inspired by Lord Vishwakarma, the awards celebrate outstanding achievements in the Indian Construction Industry and are hosted annually in March by CIDC.

About Puravankara Limited:

  • Chairman: Ravi Puravankara
  • Managing Director (MD): Ashish Ravi Puravankara
  • Headquarters: Bengaluru, Karnataka
  • Founded: 1975

Sports

Gukesh wins Candidates Tournament, secures spot in World Chess Championship 2024.

The 17-year-old chess prodigy, Dommaraju Gukesh from Chennai, India, clinched victory in the International Chess Federation (FIDE) Candidates 2024 in Toronto, Canada, defeating Hikaru Nakamura of the United States with 9 points.

Now, he’ll challenge Ding Liren of China in the World Chess Championship 2024. Gukesh has made history as the youngest challenger ever to qualify for the World Chess Championship, surpassing Garry Kasparov’s record set in 1984 when he was 22.

In the Women’s category, Tan Zhongyi of China emerged victorious in the Candidates 2024 and will face her compatriot Ju Wenjun in the Women’s World Chess Championship 2024.

Books & Authors

Goa Governor Sreedharan Pillai released his new book titled “Heavenly Islands of Goa.”

Goa Governor Sreedharan Pillai launched his 221st book, “Heavenly Islands of Goa,” at Raj Bhavan in Dona Paula, Goa. The book, unveiled by Jagadguru Sri Sri Vidhushekhara Bharati Swami, Shankaracharya of Dakshinamnaya Sri Sharada Peetham, Sringeri (Karnataka), offers insights into Goa’s biodiversity and heritage. Damodar Mauzo, the 57th Jnanpith Award winner, received the inaugural copy. Additionally, on April 21, 2024, five other books authored by Governor Pillai were released by Prof. Dr. Kumud Sharma, Vice President of Sahitya Academy, New Delhi. These titles include ‘Cuncolim’, ‘Kaavi Art’, ‘Icons of My Literature’, ‘Vikshit Bharat’, and ‘Canacona’.

Important Days

National Civil Services Day 2024 – April 21″ could be simplified to “April 21 is National Civil Services Day in 2024.

Each year on April 21st, India observes National Civil Services Day to honor the essential contributions of civil servants to the country’s progress. It’s a time for civil servants to renew their dedication to serving the nation with excellence. This year, April 21, 2024, marks the 17th National Civil Services Day.

Background:

  • In 2006, Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh initiated the first Civil Service Day event.
  • All 61 All India and Central Civil Services, including 15 non-technical and 20 technical services, come together to observe this day.
  • The inaugural National Civil Services Day celebrations took place at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, on April 21, 2006.

World Creativity and Innovation Day is on April 21, 2024.

The UN World Creativity and Innovation Day (WCID) is celebrated globally on April 21st each year to highlight the importance of creativity and innovation in human development. WCID promotes a creative mindset to support the UN’s 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Background:

  • WCID is observed in over 50 countries worldwide on April 21st, starting from 2002.
  • On April 27, 2017, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) passed resolution A/RES/71/284, officially designating April 21st as World Creativity and Innovation Day.
  • The first officially recognized UN WCID was celebrated on April 21, 2018.

Earth Day 2024 – April 22

Every year on April 22nd, people around the world celebrate United Nations International Mother Earth Day to acknowledge the connection between humans and nature. This day emphasizes the importance of safeguarding livelihoods, combating climate change, and preserving biodiversity. The theme for Earth Day 2024, according to Earthday.org, is “Planet vs. Plastics.” This observance originated from a resolution passed by the United Nations General Assembly on April 22nd, 2009, at the suggestion of Bolivia.

 

 

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